The throbbing, irritating headaches are quite difficult to cope with once they start. It’s often difficult to pinpoint the exact cause (hangover is not a valid cause for your headache, but sometimes it may be). Though there are several types of headaches, the most common ones (the 4 different types of headaches) are explained below. If you are suffering from any one of those types, the following information will help you to find out the type of your headache, and the ways in which you can deal with the pain in the right way.

Tension headache

This type of headache is common when you are too tensed or stressed. Too much work pressure can also be one of the reasons. Though over-the-counter painkillers like ibuprofen, naproxen can help minimize the pain for the time being, but they are not long-term solutions. Try the techniques that help reduce stress known as the stress-reduction techniques. Popular ones include meditation, biofeedback, and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT).

Headaches that last for more than 15 days at a stretch are the warning signs of chronic diseases. Therefore, if your headache lasts for more than 15 days every month, then you should visit a doctor.

 

Migraine

Personal problems can trigger migraine headaches. Changes in temperature: fluctuation in temperature ranging from a mild humid weather to a sudden drop in temperature, sudden entry into an air conditioned room after being exposed to hot sun, drinking chilled water or beverage, skipping meals can all lead to migraine attack. The other common causes of migraine include stress, sleep disturbances, any change in food habits, chemicals and preservatives in food, drinks, etc.

Yoga, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT – talk therapy or psychotherapy with a mental health counselor) and biofeedback can help you relieve migraine. In case, you suffer from severe recurrent headaches, you have to opt for beta-blockers, antiseizure medication or antidepressants after consulting with your neurophysician.

 

Cluster headache

Cluster headache can trigger severe pain than migraine. Though the cause is unknown, it may occur when the trigeminal nerve – the nerve responsible for facial sensations – of the trigeminal-autonomic reflex pathway gets activated. When this headache occurs, one can opt for oxygen therapy or inject sumatriptan in order to get rid of the pain. If the pain still persists, consult a healthcare professional.

 

PMS headaches

Headaches during period are very common in women. Many women suffer from them usually before, during and after the periods. Menstrual headaches may be due to the fluctuations in the hormonal levels: estrogen and progesterone. The symptoms include throbbing pain, nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light and sound. The medicines that are commonly used to treat such headaches include a combination of aspirin, acetaminophen and caffeine and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS).

Unless you have any serious underlying cause, you can manage your headache to make your entire day productive. In addition to the right medication, you should eat right, eat on time, take rest, sit or lie in a quiet dark room for some time. Next, ask someone close to you to apply gentle pressure on your head, neck, back, shoulders – and try to ease the pressure around your head. In spite of your repeated counteractive measures, if you don’t find relief, then you must consult a specialist as early as possible to ensure precise diagnosis and appropriate headache treatment.